Thousands fled their homes as several incredibly fast-moving brush fires pushed by howling Santa Ana winds scorched parts of Southern California.

"Fires are breaking out across the so. Cal. Region... Be fire safe. Firefighters are working very hard to minimize damage to property. Evacuations are taking place in many places in Southern California," the Ventura County Fire Department tweeted.

By Tuesday afternoon, none of the biggest blaze had been contained and it had grown to 50,000 acres -- about 78 square miles -- in just 19 hours.

Some homes were ablaze in the northern part of Ventura, a city of more than 100,000 on the Pacific coast.

The fire -- the largest of several wind-driven blazes in Southern California -- forced sheriff's deputies to knock on doors to warn residents to evacuate Monday night. About 150 buildings, including homes and an evacuated Ventura hospital, have been destroyed.

On Ventura's northern edge, at least 10 homes and many trees were burning in one neighborhood, sending thick smoke and dangerous embers into the gusty air.

Evacuee Catherine Wastweet, stood on a street Tuesday morning and looked up to the foothills where her neighborhood was aflame.

"We live up there ... but we just don't know whether our house is burned down or not, because we can't even see through all of the smoke," she said.

Latest developments

• Time to go: About 27,000 people were under mandatory evacuation in Ventura County as fire officials warned the powerful winds could push flames further into the city of Ventura.

• Started Monday: The brush fire, called the Thomas Fire, was first reported at Steckel Park, just north of Santa Paula, around 6:30 p.m. The cause wasn't immediately known.

Blazing fast: The fire was burning at nearly an acre per second. At that speed, it would have covered Manhattan's Central Park in about 15 minutes.

• Gutted by flames: Vista del Mar Hospital, an 82-bed mental health facility in northwestern Ventura, was fully evacuated two hours before it burned, county fire engineer Richard Macklin said.

• State response: Gov. Jerry Brown declared an emergency for Ventura County, freeing state resources such as the National Guard to support response efforts.

• Intense fire: "The fire is still out of control and structures continue to be threatened throughout the fire area," the Ventura County Sheriff's Office said on a local emergency preparedness website.

Other fires: There are at least two burning in Los Angeles County where the Creek Fire has grown to 11,000 acres, and the Rye Fire to about 5,000 acres. In San Bernardino County, a 100-acre and a 50-acre fire had sprung up.

Santa Ana winds and dry conditions

The Thomas fire jumped to thousands of acres with startling speed as Santa Ana winds, blowing as fast as 60 mph, carried its embers. It engulfed dry chaparral and climbed through steep terrain.

Satellite images show how fast it lit up neighborhoods at night.

The winds were part of the season's "strongest and longest" Santa Ana event. The Santa Anas are strong, dry winds that high-pressure systems push from east to west, from the mountains and desert areas down into the Los Angeles area.

A lull is possible Wednesday, but winds could again pick up Wednesday night and Thursday. Dry conditions won't help. The county is in a period of moderate drought, the US Drought Monitor says.

'I saw a skyscraper inferno of smoke'

Erik Nasarenko, a Ventura city councilman and former mayor, said he was at a council meeting Monday evening when the city manager told him his neighborhood was being evacuated.

"I left the meeting, raced home, and I saw a skyscraper inferno of smoke," Nasarenko said. After collecting important documents from his home, he was about to pick up family photo albums when approaching flames made him reconsider.

"I saw the orange glow, and I just said, 'Let's go.' " Nasarenko said he, his wife and two children drove to his parents' home near San Fernando.

He doesn't yet know the fate of his house, but he said neighbors told him they saw nearby structures on fire.

A knock on the door

Orange flames glow threateningly close to a Ventura neighborhood in video recorded by Eric Rosenberg. He and his wife were alerted to the fire around 12:30 a.m. when a neighbor knocked on his door.

"(The) power was out and (my) phone's internet was out," he said. "I texted a friend a mile or so away who gave me more info."

"We had packed the car at about 1 a.m. and left right away when the police said it was time to go" three hours later, he said.

Rosenberg and his wife are currently at his parents'-in-law home in Carpinteria, about 25 minutes from their home. "We can see the billowing smoke clouds in the distance," Rosenberg said.

Thousands without power

The fire burned down power lines, at one point leaving more than 260,000 homes and businesses without power in Ventura County and neighboring Santa Barbara County, said Susan Cox, a spokeswoman for Southern California Edison.

By early Tuesday, power had been restored to all but 20,000 customers -- but more outages were possible because flames were burning along power transmission paths, Cox said.

As the fire spread, the nearby hills glowed bright orange while residents in Santa Paula threw belongings into cars as they began to evacuate, according to video footage from CNN affiliates.

Firefighters couldn't immediately use air tankers and helicopters to battle the wildfire because of darkness and strong winds, but officials intended to put them to use Tuesday morning, said Lorenzen, the Ventura County fire chief. About 1,000 firefighters were battling the blaze or heading to the area to help, said county fire engineer Macklin.

"I've never seen a fire burn down so many structures so fast in my (30-year) career," Macklin said.

One airborne firefighter tweeted dramatic video of the Creek Fire, showing choking smoke and at least one tall tree engulfed in flames.

"Unbelievable conditions," Michael Dubron wrote.

CNN's Paul Vercammen reported from Ventura, while Jason Hanna and Steve Almasy, and Madison Park wrote and reported from Atlanta and San Francisco, repectively. CNN's Cheri Mossburg, Stella Chan, Judson Jones, Brandon Miller, Amanda Jackson, Intisar Seraaj, Sonya Hamasaki, Carma Hassan and Keith Allen contributed to this report.

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