spotlight Highlights from history: Sept. 8 Sep 8, 2019 Sep 8, 2019 Highlights from major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1892: Pledge of Allegiance On Sept. 8, 1892, an early version of "The Pledge of Allegiance," written by Francis Bellamy, appeared in "The Youth's Companion." It went: "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." Anonymous 1900: Texas Hurricane In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed an estimated 8,000 people. Anonymous 1935: Huey P. Long In 1935, Sen. Huey P. Long, a Louisiana Democrat, was shot and mortally wounded inside the Louisiana State Capitol; he died two days later. (The assailant was identified as Dr. Carl Weiss, who was gunned down by Long's bodyguards.) ASSOCIATED PRESS 1941: Siege of Leningrad In 1941, the 900-day Siege of Leningrad by German forces began during World War II. STF 1943: Italy Surrenders In 1943, during World War II, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower announced Italy's surrender; Nazi Germany denounced Italy's decision as a cowardly act. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1964: Public School Desegregation In 1964, public schools in Prince Edward County, Virginia, reopened after being closed for five years by officials attempting to prevent court-ordered racial desegregation. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1974: Richard Nixon pardon In 1974, President Gerald R. Ford granted a "full, free, and absolute pardon" to former President Richard Nixon covering his entire term in office. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1985: Pete Rose In 1985, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds tied Ty Cobb's career record for hits, singling for hit number 4,191 during a game against the Cubs in Chicago. Steve Pyle 1986: "Oprah Winfrey Show" In 1986, "The Oprah Winfrey Show" began the first of 25 seasons in national syndication. CHARLIE BENNETT 1994: USAir Crash In 1994, USAir Flight 427, a Boeing 737, crashed into a ravine as it was approaching Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people on board. ROB OSTERMAIER 2009: Afghanistan Election Ten years ago: A U.N.-backed commission said it had found "convincing evidence" of fraud in Afghanistan's presidential election. Manish Swarup 2009: Barack Obama Ten years ago: In a nationally broadcast pep talk from Wakefield High School in Arlington, Virginia, President Barack Obama challenged the nation's students to take pride in their education. Jacquelyn Martin 2009: Sonia Sotomayor Ten years ago: Justice Sonia Sotomayor ceremonially took her seat at the Supreme Court in front of a packed courtroom that included President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. Dana Verkouteren 2014: Marin Cilic Five years ago: Croatia's Marin Cilic (CHIHL'-ihch) won his first Grand Slam title by beating Japan's Kei Nishikori 6-3, 6-3, 6-3 at the U.S. Open. Darron Cummings 2014: Ray Rice Five years ago: Ray Rice was let go by the Baltimore Ravens and suspended indefinitely by the NFL after a video was released showing the running back striking his then-fiancee, Janay Palmer, in an elevator in February 2014. Nick Wass 2014: S. Truett Cathy Five years ago: S. Truett Cathy, the billionaire founder of the Chick-fil-A restaurant chain, died in suburban Atlanta at age 93. RIC FELD 2017: Hurricane Irma In 2017, Hurricane Irma regained Category 5 status, battering Cuba with 160-mph winds and taking aim on the Miami area; the death toll across the Caribbean climbed past 20. In one of the country's largest evacuations, officials in Florida told more than 5 million people to leave their homes ahead of the hurricane; parts of interstates 75 and 95 northbound were bumper-to-bumper. David Goldman 2017: Troy Gentry In 2017, singer Troy Gentry, half of the country music duo Montgomery Gentry, died in a helicopter crash in Medford, New Jersey; pilot James Robinson was also killed. TEL 2018: Obama Midterms One year ago: Former president Barack Obama, in a speech in southern California, said the November midterm elections would give Americans "a chance to restore some sanity in our politics." Ringo H.W. Chiu 2018: US Open Tennis One year ago: Serena Williams lost the U.S. Open women's final to Naomi Osaka; Williams was penalized a game for calling the chair umpire a thief during an extended argument after the umpire issued a warning to Williams for receiving coaching. Greg Allen 2018: WTC Subway Reopens One year ago: A New York City subway station reopened for the first time since it was destroyed in the World Trade Center attack 17 years earlier. 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