spotlight Today in history: Jan. 20 Jan 20, 2020 Jan 20, 2020 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1937: Franklin D. Roosevelt In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on Jan. 20 instead of March 4. AP 1942: Wannsee Conference In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for exterminating Europe's Jews. AP 1964: "Meet the Beatles" In 1964, Capitol Records released the album "Meet the Beatles!" AP 1981: Hostages Released In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan. AP 1986: MLK Day In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. ASSOCIATED PRESS 2001: George W. Bush In, 2001, George Walker Bush became America's 43rd president after one of the most turbulent elections in U.S. history. AP 2003: Colin Powell In 2003, Secretary of State Colin Powell, faced with stiff resistance and calls to go slow, bluntly told the Security Council that the U.N. "must not shrink" from its responsibility to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq. MARY ALTAFFER 2007: Hillary Clinton In 2007, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, D-N.Y., launched her first campaign for the White House, saying in a videotaped message on her website: "I'm in, and I'm in to win." Charlie Neibergall 2009: Barack Obama In 2009, Barack Obama was sworn in as the nation's 44th, as well as first African-American, president. ASSOCIATED PRESS 2009: Russian Gas In 2009, Russian natural gas began flowing into Ukraine after a nearly two-week cutoff that had left large parts of Europe cold and dark. AP 2010: Dennis Blair In 2010, National Intelligence Director Dennis Blair conceded missteps in the government's handling of the Christmas Day 2009 airline bombing attempt in testimony before the Senate Homeland Security Committee. AP 2015: Japanese Hostages In 2015, The Islamic State group threatened to kill two Japanese hostages unless its ransom demands were met. (Kenji Goto and Haruna Yukawa were both slain by their captors.) AP 2015: State of the Union In 2015, President Barack Obama, undaunted by the new Republican majority in Congress, issued a sweeping challenge in his State of the Union address to do more for the poor and middle class and to end the nasty partisan political fight that had characterized his six years in office. AP 2017: Donald Trump In 2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States, pledging emphatically to empower America's "forgotten men and women." Protesters registered their rage against the new president in a chaotic confrontation with police just blocks from the inaugural parade. AP 2019: AFC Championship In 2019, The Patriots beat the Kansas City Chiefs 37-31 for the AFC championship. AP 2019: Lunar Eclipse The year’s only total lunar eclipse was visible throughout North and South America; it took place during the year’s first supermoon, when a full moon appears a little bigger and brighter thanks to its slightly closer position. AP 2019: NFC Championship In 2019, The Los Angeles Rams advanced to the Super Bowl against the New England Patriots after a 26-23 overtime victory over the New Orleans Saints in the NFC championship game; the outcome might not have been possible without what the NFL acknowledged was a mistake by officials who failed to call a penalty when a Rams player leveled a Saints receiver with a helmet-to-helmet hit in the final minutes of regulation. 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