What you say matters: Positive motivation for young eaters

What you say matters: Positive motivation for young eaters

Tara Dunker

Tara Dunker

What you say really does matter when it comes to the eating behaviors of young children.

For better or worse, eating behaviors formed during childhood often follow a person into adulthood, where they play a key role in one’s ability to maintain a healthy relationship with food for a lifetime.

The messages a child habitually hears regarding food—in both the home and caregiver settings—can either help or hinder this development process.

Dr. Janice Fletcher and Dr. Laurel Branen, two nationally recognized child feeding experts who developed the educational program called Feeding Young Children in Group Settings, found certain phrases help children accept new foods, while other phrases hinder this acceptance.

Let’s take a look at ways we can shift negative, hindering phrases into positive, helpful ones.

Phrases that hinder

“I will be sad/mad if you don’t eat that” or “You’re a good boy for finishing your broccoli.” These phrases teach children to eat for approval, ignoring their own signals of hunger, fullness and personal preference in the process.

“Eat one more bite before you leave the table.” Again, this phrase teaches children to ignore feelings of fullness. It is better to stop eating when satisfied, rather than when the plate is clean. Over time, children and parents/caregivers will develop an understanding of how much food is needed to feel satisfied, meaning less food left uneaten on the plate.

“That didn’t taste so bad.” This phrase teaches children that their own personal preferences are wrong and can lead to unhealthy attitudes about food or self.

“You can have dessert if you eat your vegetables” or “If you stop crying, you can have a piece of candy.” Offering dessert as a reward for finishing vegetables teaches children that some foods are inherently better tasting than others. In addition, using food to resolve upset feelings teaches children to eat to feel better, which can lead to overeating.

Phrases that help

“This strawberry is sweet and juicy” or “These carrots are crunchy.” These phrases teach children to pay close attention to the sensory qualities that make each food unique and can be used to encourage children to try new foods in a mindful way.

“Are you feeling hungry?” or “Are you feeling full?” These phrases can seem a bit obvious, but it’s important to teach children to recognize feelings of hunger and fullness. This can prevent overeating and eating for reasons other than satisfying hunger.

“Everybody likes different foods” or “Which one is your favorite?” These phrases acknowledge a child’s ability to make choices regarding the food they eat. It also shifts the focus toward the taste of food, rather than who was right.

“I am sorry you are sad. Would a hug help you feel better?” Instead of using food, reward children with your undivided attention and concern. Comfort each unique and individual child in the ways that work best for them.

Caring for and feeding young children comes with daily challenges, many of which shift and change in unexpected ways as the child grows and develops.

If you’ve spoken the hindering phrases listed above in moments of frustration, or with the well-meaning goal of getting a toddler to eat their peas, know that you are not alone.

When we know better, we can make the effort to do better for the children in our care.


Be the first to know

* I understand and agree that registration on or use of this site constitutes agreement to its user agreement and privacy policy.

Related to this story

Most Popular

This past Thursday, I noticed that social media was declaring that it was National Love Your Pet Day. Facebook was full of posts of favorite c…

  • Updated

Cold weather returned to Nebraska this week but spring is just around the corner. This time of year, we get questions about Daylight Saving Ti…

  • Updated

Welcome to the 21st century nuclear arms race. Once again, we're teetering on the brink of nuclear conflict instead of taking critical steps toward de-escalation and disarmament. If it feels like we're in the middle of a wacky James Bond movie plot, that's not far off. Any progress we were making toward nuclear safety is being rapidly, systematically and recklessly dismantled by the Trump ...

Michael Bloomberg is coming under fire for many things, including his role in overseeing the New York City Police Department at the height of its stopping, questioning and frisking young black and brown men. There's a distorted story being told. I want to explain what I saw up close. I personally witnessed Mayor Bloomberg's determined attempt to come up with an alternative to stop and frisk at ...

Hiram Rivera still has nightmares about being stopped and frisked by police. The 43-year-old executive director of the Community Resource Hub for Safety and Accountability was stopped for the first time as a young black teenager in Connecticut, and has lost count of how many times he's been stopped since. One stop stands out in his memory. In spring 2012, just a few months after he moved to ...

Get up-to-the-minute news sent straight to your device.


News Alerts

Breaking News